The International Institute for Peace is a non-governmental organization (NGO) with headquarters in Vienna. The Institute (IIP) has consultative status to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC) and to the United Nations Organization for Education, Science, Culture and Communication (UNESCO). It operates on the basis of Austrian law as a non-profit association.
The IIP exists since 1956 and was re-founded by president Erwin Lanc in 1989. The current president is Dr. h.c. Peter Schieder and the executive board consists of scientists from Harvard University, the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as from different European universities. Prof. Dr. Norman Birnbaum from Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, presides the advisory board, which is comprised of 33 members from 19 countries. Currently the IIP employs 5 people.
The aim of the IIP is to make well-founded information about developments actually or potentially threatening peace available to the public. Relevant research projects in cooperation with Austrian and international experts provide findings in the fields of economy, society and peaceful conflict resolution to governments and international organizations.
The IIP organizes research, lectures and symposia in the economic and socio-political field and publishes the corresponding outcome and conclusions. Since 1992 the work of the institute has been focused on the socio-economic reconstruction of the Central- and Eastern European Markets (Market Shock), the United Nations reform, the international legal order, security and EU-Foreign Policy.
Special attention is also drawn to the security-political situation of the US-American military hegemony, the development of an EU-Foreign and Security Policy, the future development of NATO as well as the integration of Russia, China and India into a new world order, without the use of violence. Another important issue is the peaceful solution of ethno-political conflicts.