A National Network activity will be organized by the Anna Lindh Foundation Network Member of Bosnia Post-Conflict Research Center (PCRC) in the Framework of the Anna Lindh Foundati
The 1st Tuzla Freedom Festival was held in Tuzla from March 10 to 13, in the International Studio of Ismet Mujezinović.
The festival was organised by the Youth Resource Center Tuzla, in partnership with the DIS Theater Banja Luka and the City Youth Theater Vitez. It brought together 76 young artists from all over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The aim of the festival was to encourage the involvement of young people in active problem solving of young people, but also to provide creative contribution to awareness and research and possibly proposing ideas and solutions for future projects.
Two workshops were held with young people by Dis Theater "From idea to stage" and by GKM Vitez called "Art Production".
The festival was attended by 5 young poets, and included 3 short feature films, 2 videos, 1 forum Theater, 4 exhibitions of paintings, 1 installation, street art, performance, urban graphics, and illustration.
The young people from Bugojno high school won the first place with the film: "TWO SCHOOLS WITHOUT A ROOF". Authors: Farah Terzić, Medina Bajrić, Eldar Mandžić, Merjem Halilović, Nejla Kadrić, Fatima Aletić, Adi Velagić, Iman Idrizović.
Second place was won by Vanja Stankić with street art, which did not arise from the desire to present Tuzla in a creative way.
The third place was shared by the poet Mirza Pinjić and singer and composer Vanja Strukar, who sang and played a song about the post-war situation in her city.
Ramo Tučić received a special award for the best stage performance with his exhibition "I exist".
Sara Mujanović received a special award for original artistic expression with her video "Radopič", which talks about the equality of women in BH society.
The Serbian cultural and educational association "Prosveta" Prnjavor won a special recognition for the pedagogical approach for the play "It's not me". This forum theatrical work was created in the workshop process of one of the focus groups with young people on the topic "What bothers us". It represents a dystopian picture of the modern life of young people who are alienated, scared, wounded and forcibly popular, hiding their true selves from everyone and even from themselves.
For the participants of the festival, two performances "Kanata" DIS Theater Banja Luka and "Around the World" GKM Vitez were performed.
During the festival, young people made and developed a performance called "I want peace", which they performed under the full square "Freedom" in Tuzla. The performance received a Special Award from the festival jury.
Analysis of the position of youth in B&H, March 2022., ALF B&H Network
ALF members Dis Theater Banja Luka, City Youth Theater Vitez and Youth Resource Center Tuzla, worked during February and March on researching the position and needs of young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The goal was to use this questionnaire (and later focus groups directly) to get answers and possible recommendations, to try to improve the position of young people in B&H with the Bosnian ALF Network activities, but also with the activities of other organisations.
This research served to create a statistic and analysis to all those who deal with young people, including those who should be involved.
Bosnia & Herzegovina
- Democracy and community development
- Environment/Sustainable development
- Human rights
- International/Cultural relations
- Youth and education
In a society still damaged by the social and economic effects of war, our mission is to:
- provide opportunities for young people to fulfil their creative, vocational and social potential;
- promote awareness of and responsiveness to the needs and potential of young people among older generations and statutory institutions;
- build, with our partners, a culturally rich and diverse society for present and future generations.
Here are three of our main project taking place in the last 5 years:
1. Re:Activete – education, rehearsal, recording, production and promotion of young urban music artists
2. “BRDO” Coworking space – a shared working space that gathers community of entrepreneurs, activists and creative people, eager to help development of local community on the principles of Social Entrepreneurship
3. EXIT Festival – for more than 10 years the official partners of the largest and the most influential music festival in the region
With our 15 years of experience in projects implanted with various partners from our region and the rest of Europe, we believe that our know-how and qualified members can greatly contribute towards strengthening of the National ALF Network and its positions in the region.
We strongly believe that self sustainability and development should spring from inside local communities. Hence, networks of individuals/organisation from different communities can bring about a positive change on a larger scale. Moreover, engaging young people with knowledge, drive and energy, through modern and creative ideas and initiatives, surely is a path worth taking in order to see effective and efficient progress take place in our region.
Bosnia & Herzegovina
- Democracy and community development
- Human rights
- Youth and education
The Association for Social Research and Communications (UDIK) helps post-Yugoslav societies to establish the rule of law and to accept the legacy of massive human rights violations in order to identify the criminal responsibility of perpetrators, to meet justice and prevent the repetition of such crimes. It is the affirmation of the value of an open civil society, with clearly defined priorities in terms of promotion and protection of human rights, as well as youth involvement in social and political processes through peace activism. Our vision is Bosnia and Herzegovina as a fair, open society of active citizens through respect for human rights with the government that serves the public interest.
During our previous activities UDIK organized activities regarding transitional justice in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a focus to all the victims and to the construction of peace activism. UDIK is a reform inside of the civil society in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a recognizable brand of acting on the streets of Sarajevo and other cities. Except the office in Sarajevo, UDIK also has office in Brcko, which organizes activities on the streets of this city. UDIK's strength is reflected in the strong connection to activism and the construction of equitable peace and different and better Balkan. Our peacekeeping actions we marked with blackness and silence paying tribute to murdered victims in the war in the former Yugoslavia. These activities of UDIK were very well monitored, brended and recognizable in Bosnia and Herzegovina's society, but also in the Balkan. These activities UDIK was presenting in the public like „The Living Monument“ to all victims of war, with the concept of reconciliation through responsibility. In addition, the activists of UDIK are aware that Bosnia and Herzegovina will never build a unique monument for the civilian victims of war and that is why „The Living Monument“ is the only chance of citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to build it on this way. With „The Living Monument“ UDIK for the first time as civil society organization marked many crimes of which citizens and civil society for many years kept silent. We did crimes and violence visible in the community. And with this way we discovered a new way of organizing. Our reform we carried out on the streets of cities across the region (ex-Yugoslavia), through the policy of providing every citizen to join in the activities of „The Living Monument“, watching him through the most emotional aspect of every human being, at the same time warning that the crime was something that should not be forgotten, but nor deny. On this way, UDIK set the level of civil society, which extends through the idea of meeting people with the same objective in order to build a peace. To his activities of „The Living Monument“ UDIK wants to give the opportunity for participation of each of the actual individuals in the construction of peace and distancing from the committed crimes. This is our contribution to a memorialisation and to empathy building for that which everybody in the community are ignored, and that is poverty and the tacit approval of violence and even the denial of crimes.
- Human rights
VISION: Improving Life in the community, civil society development, democratic relationships, life worthy of human beings with the right to work, education, health and social care, environmental protection and sustainable development, humanity.
The mission of our organization is acting in the affirmation and creation of the regulated community whose members have equal opportunities for social inclusion, economic justice and environmental responsibility.
The objectives of the organization are:By an own activity to affect on the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to contribute to the process of democratization and national reconciliation at the local and wider level and involvement in all forms of struggle to accelerate the process of democratization of the whole society.
1. Maximize coverage of effective HIV prevention and care among most at risk populations – Global Found
2. The culture of living – financed by the CHF.
3. Dialogues II – in the partnership with the organization the Bureau for the Human Rights Tuzla – financed by the European – promotion of the work of the selected representatives of the national minorities and advocating activity on the amendment of the law that regulate this area.
4. MAIM Alternative measures to the institutionalization of the minors without a parental taking care and support and support to the young in the special state of the poverty and neglect – financed by the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of the Republic Italy (the project in three phases: campaign and advocating the provider families and monitoring).
5. Initiative for the protection of the waters in the basin of the river Spreča – CLEAR MIND FOR CLEAR WATER – financed by the Europe Union and in the partnership with the Centre for Development and Support from Tuzla - advocating for making a Regulation Plan for arranging the bed of the drainage basin of the river Spreča.
6. Advocating for making the Law on Social Protection.
7. Anti-Corruption Program for Youth "Jolly Ambassadors
We have the experience, human resources and a developed sense of fairness and honesty
The principle of UG ToPeeR development with community participation, and our aim is to give our contribution to improving mutual understanding, respect and tolerance among different cultures and nations. As a member of the Network would have the opportunity to exchange experiences and establish cooperation with organizations in the region
- Human rights
Association of disabled children and youth “Leptir” is non-governmental, humanitarian, non-political, and non-profitable and multi-ethnic organization established and registered on 14/09/2010.
Goal of the organization is providing of the complete rehabilitation of children and youth disturbed in development, with all kinds and levels of disturbances. In cooperation with donors, Municipal Authorities, and with support of membership fees and networking with other NGOs from Srebrenica, Bratunac, Milići and Vlasenica, these goals are being achieved through realization of concrete project activities, such as education, humanitarian activities, and provision of medicine, legal, social and other help to families which have disabled children.
Project funded by Council of Ministries B&H in amount of 59,000.00 KM – “Treatments for education and rehabilitation for disabled children and youth”.
Through implementation of above mentioned project, we wanted to provide rehabilitation and education for socialization to children and youth with special needs. Therefore, we organized treatments for education and rehabilitation for disabled children and youth.
During the project we organized education for parents of the mentioned children, so they could help them better in rehabilitation and socialization in a community.
Aiming at improving health condition and problems our beneficiaries and their families meet, we organized speech and defectological therapies, psychiatrist treatments, ART therapies, educative workshops for children and youth with special needs, their parents and teachers. Subjects were related to raising and education of children with special needs; on workshops they learned Gesture language, needed for children with hearing impairment and mental disbursement.
* CNF – CEE “Treatments for rehabilitation and education for disabled children and youth”
Project extension was in 2009, with budget of 26,000.00 Euros.
This project comprised 62 children and youth, disturbed in development and with all kinds and levels of handicap: light, medium and hard mental retardation, with hearing, sight and speech impairments, motor control and with combined disturbances (different syndromes: SY West, SY Down, SY); and which live in Srebrenica, Bratunac and Milići municipalities. We provided treatments for education and rehabilitation (which our institution are not able to provide) for these beneficiaries.
This project in total comprised 186 members, which are their parents, brothers, sisters, school friends, teachers and medicine workers.
Association “Leptir” is the only one dealing with problems of this target group. And the target group is children and youth with psycho and physical disturbances, their parents, teachers, school friends, social and medicine workers.
Main activities were:
• Treatments for rehabilitation for 75 beneficiaries
• Physical therapies for 43 beneficiaries
• Creative workshops – ART therapies for 20 beneficiaries
• Education of parents
We have planned to implement all above mentioned activities equally in Srebrenica (for children from Srebrenica and Bratunac) and Milići (for children from Milići).
*CPCD – Improvement of living conditions for children and youth with disabilities – 5,000.00 KM
* “Improvement of living conditions for children and youth with disabilities” – Center for Promotion of civil society.
The project has been implemented in municipalities of Srebrenica, Bratunac and Milići. Within this project implementation out of received funds, we purchased food, vitamins and clothes for our 45 most vulnerable beneficiaries. There were 21 volunteers hired from three municipalities, Srebrenica, Bratunac and Milići.
We hired 15 volunteers for collection of hygienic items in front of the bigger stores, and 6 volunteers for cleaning of houses and preparing wood for heating.
Implementing this project, we wanted to present to the municipal authorities from Srebrenica, Bratunac and Milići, and national authorities, in which socio-economic conditions of living children with special needs live.
Bosnia & Herzegovina
- Democracy and community development
- Human rights
- International/Cultural relations
- Youth and education
- Our mission is to support the process of democratization by strenghtening capacities in local NGO, authorities and other target groups, and to improve citizen participation in public life.
- Our vision is to become a resource center for citizens, organisations and authorities, in order to improve harmonization of standards with the democratic EU standards.
-development of civil society;
- encouraging reconciliation and protection of human rights;
- encouraging sustainable local development;
- strenghtening local capacities.
- decentralized cooperation in different sectors:
- local democracy, environment, local economic
development, social welfare, social, educational,cultural activities, with special focus on women, youth and the protection of human rights;
- organization of twinning between local authorities in Italy and Bosnia-Herzegovina;
- organization of sports exchange between Italy and Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- youth exchanges, animations of children in rural areas of Zavidovici;
- support and assistance to local initiatives for the fight against domestic violence;
- awareness-raising activities in local communities on the issue of human rights, civil participation and promotion of European integration;
- coordination and hosting of volunteers within the European Voluntary Service - EVS;
- mediation activities and encouraging the construction of civil society at the local level;
- activities of research, analysis and publication of documents on the state of society and social needs.
With our resources and experience we hope to become a valuable member of the network, maintaining the high standards in civil society engagement.
We feel that, by becoming a member of the ALF, we can improve the intensity and quality of our work, thus creating new opportunities for developing our local communities potential.
- Youth and education
Educational drama uses a group of methods for teaching and learning which employ drama expression. Drama expression means a way of expression in which real or imagined events are explored by unperformed role-play or performed improvisation.
The primary aim of drama education is to educate for life. It is meant for children and young people of all ages.
Drama education does not aim at training for professional work with drama arts.
The CENTRE FOR DRAMA EDUCATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA was formed with the aim of developing drama education in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The main tasks of the CENTRE FOR DRAMA EDUCATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA are:
- The furtherance and development of drama education work, learning from the experiences of drama pedagogy in BiH;
- The furtherance and development of speech culture and culture of public events;
- The development of the methodology of drama education;
- Help in the work, and additional education, of teachers and educationalists for drama education work;
- Cooperation with educationalists and drama schools;
- Helping to promote drama-talented students;
- Preventing young people from any forms of addiction;
- Protecting the reputation and expertise of its members;
- Using drama education work in dealing with, and releasing, the consequences of trauma.
Since the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded, there have been several projects which of regional cultural co-operation. One of the biggest projects was "The PAX Project", which was implemented in partnership with CARE International. It was set up as a key component of CARE's civil society programme in July 1997, and has continued until March 2000 as a peace-building and social reconstruction project focussing upon young people out of school and children in schools with their teachers.
There have been two principal strands to the PAX Project's work:
1. promotion of multi-ethnic peace-building work with youth theatre groups;
2. development of a participatory learning approach for classroom peace-building work.
The PAX Project’s goal has been "to foster a sustainable local environment of peace and multi-ethnic tolerance across all three main communities that comprise Bosnia and Herzegovina".
This work has been conducted on a national basis. In addition, the Project has been continually linking work done within Bosnia and Herzegovina with inter-Regional work (especially with Serbia and Croatia) with the same focus on peace building and reconstruction. The pre-war network of theatre artists of former Yugoslavia has been to a small, but significant degree, maintained and reconstructed on the axis Zagreb-Mostar-Belgrade. There is now a firmly established tri-partite co-operation between CDOBiH and its two sister organisations in Croatia, HCDO (Croatian Centre for Drama Education) and in Serbia, CEDEUM.
The "productive distraction" of the work has aided the quality and pace of peace-building in all its different aspects: trauma healing, breaking down barriers between those previously on opposed sides, conflict resolution, the development of mutual respect and understanding, reconciliation and social reconstruction.
In the last 10 years, the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in co-operation with the Mostar Youth Theatre and the Network of Independent Theatres, has been organising and leading various numbers of workshops in all Bosnia and Herzegovina, but also in the region of South-East Europe. Attendance at the national and international workshops and conferences has been sought, almost invariably successfully, from all the 'groups' or 'communities' of B&H. This was achieved by setting up local "separate" workshops in the first place, then by inviting participants to the next national workshop. On other occasions the fact of a workshop, conference, or festival being international has 'given cover' to people from the different 'groups' to attend. The presence of guests from Croatia and Serbia (as well as other Balkan states) has been particularly important in this respect. The focus of these activities has been cultural or educational. This has prevented a situation where people feel manipulated into 'peaceful coexistence' or 'reconciliation' on someone else's terms or agenda.
Since 1999, each February, the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina is organising the International Conference. Until now, we realised the International Conferences under the following titles: “The causes of violence amongst young people and the role that theatre and drama can play in dealing with them”; “The role of theatre and drama in protecting children’s rights”; “Theatre and boundaries”; “The healing power of theatre”; “Where are we now?”; “Multicultural dialogue: chance or problem?”.
Since 1998, the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina has established an international award called the “Grozdanin Kikot” - award for five individuals/organisations who have made significant contributions to the development of drama education. Some of the laureates of this Award are: Eugenio Barba, Denmark; Augusto Boal, Brazil; Josef Krofta, Czech Republic; Linna Atel, Jordan; Nicos Govas, Greece; George Soros, USA; Guy Williams, UK; Vladimir Milcin, FYR of Macedonia; Gradimir Gojer, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Vladimir Krusic, Croatia; Ljubica Beljanski Ristic, Serbia and Montenegro; Stig Erricson, Norway…
Since 1999 the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina prepares and publishes the only magazine for drama, theatre and education in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Throughout these years, this magazine became a regular Magazine for theatre, drama and education workers in this area, especially in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. Apart from the editing board from Bosnia and Herzegovina, our co-operators are also Vlado Krušić (Croatia, HCDO), Jelena Sitar (Slovenia, director), Ljubica Beljanski-Ristić (Serbia, CEDEUM), Milan Mađarev (Serbia, theatrologist) and many others.
The Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in co-operation with the Mostar Youth Theatre and the Network of Independent Theatres, is organiser of the International Festival of Authorial Poetry in which, until now, have participated individuals and groups from all continents. This Festival is a place of meeting of important world theatres, artists and young people who are beginning their work in the world of theatre. On the “Alternative Academy”, which is a part of the Festival, some of the most important one-week workshop leaders have so far been: Katcura Kan, Japan; Marcos Martinez, USA; Julian Boal, France; Zigmunt Molik, Poland; Ana Wolf, Argentina; Marco Lully, Italia; Julia Varley, Denmark; Roberta Carerri, Denmark; Charles Renault, Netherlands; Victor Goultchenko, Russia; Jelena Sitar, Slovenia; Zeljko Vukmirica, Croatia; Ferid Karajica, Serbia and Montenegro…
Since 2003, each year in April we are organising the BH Festival of secondary schools’ theatre groups. The duration of each festival is one week and all festival participants are present all the time in the festival. Usually on each Festival are 8 groups with approx. 100 young people – participants. Also, during each organization of this festival, 15 leaders of these youth theatre groups and 5 theatre artists are participating in discussions about performances, as well as leading workshops for participants and group leaders.
Since 2001, each May the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina is organising the Festival of Children’s Theatre groups. This Festival is taking place in Gračanica and it is 3 days long. The children of 10 theatre groups from all Bosnia and Herzegovina are present during all festival time. The group leaders and the school teachers are holding several workshops, in which they present how they work in schools using drama and theatre as a tool for education.
The main aim of these events is to stimulate drama education and its systematic introduction in schools as a part of the future school curriculum.
In November of each year CDOBiH is organizing a Forum of Drama Writers of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Jury chooses 5 new drama texts and 5 youth theatre groups with 5 directors are invited on a period of one week. Together with the writers, they work to create stage readings of drama texts. After this one-week work, there is a presentation of all 5 groups to a public audience. This joint work aims to help young writers, but also directors and young actors. This work provides them research for new ideas and the opportunity to check ways of continuing to the final product – to the performance.
The Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a member of IDEA, enjoys co-ordination with this association. With member associations representing more than 50 countries around the globe, the International Drama/Theatre and Education Association aims to promote and advocate drama/theatre as part of a full human education and to provide an international forum for those working as drama/theatre educators throughout the world. Members of each member association are automatically accepted as members of IDEA by virtue of their organization's status as a member association. IDEA's activities include publications, projects, international congresses and meetings, the dissemination of research and the international exchange of drama/theatre workers.
Since 1999, The Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina is involved in the Art for Social Change programme of the European Cultural Foundation. Through this Programme, the Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina realised several Projects, which are addressed to the young people of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the first programme - Play Against Violence 1 - created a network of professionals established in South-Eastern Europe (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia).
The Centre for Drama Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with the Mostar Youth Theatre and the Network of Independent Theatres, participated in the second programme - Play Against Violence 2, in the Projects: Network, Steps and To stay or to go, DELTA, The Power of Drama against Juvenile Violence, etc.
In Bosnia and Herzegowina (BiH), the national ALF Network was established in Tuzla at its first meeting on October 1, 2009. The national Network was established at the invitation of the ALF General Secretariat in Alexandria, Egypt, and on the recommendations of prominent individuals from Italy, France and Spain. Based on the invitation, we sent out a call to organizations based in BiH to join the ALF Network, and on October 1, 2009, ORC Tuzla was selected as head of Network and head office by the members.
Today, the ALF Network in BiH connects 47 civil society organizations and institutions from more than a dozen cities and regions in the country.
Out national network is also steered by an executive board consisting of 8 members with a mandate of two years.
In our 11 years of existence, we have implemented the following activities in addition to regular meetings of Network members and participation in the activities of the international ALF:
The "Young - Responsible - Tolerant" campaign covered over 20 cities in BiH and had young activists working to distribute campaign materials (posters, leaflets and stickers) and organizing five street campaigns in Doboj, Bratunac, Brčko, Priboj and Bijeljina;
We promoted "10 Open Cities in BiH" in the fields of coexistence and multiculturalism. Within these 10 cities (Banja Luka, Bratunac, Bosanski Petrovac, Brčko, Derventa, Jablanica, Milići, Priboj, Prijedor and Tuzla), members of the Network organized public debates attended by representatives of the authorities, national minority associations and citizens.
The BiH Network participated in the selection, translation and promotion of stories from BiH for the international literary competition "Sea of words" which was organized by the European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed).
The youth group of ORC Tuzla, within the context of the ALF BiH Forum 2014, has hosted a series of youth workshops titled “Children in the Background”. The workshops aimed at opening interreligious and ethnic dialogues to facilitate peace messages, as well as allowing for the exchange of experiences on peace promotion, diversity and coexistence. However, the main aim was supporting the development and improvement of creative and social skills through encouragement for social activism.
Additionally, we have participated as partners in a large number of ALF inter-Network activities and in activities on project proposals by ALF member states.
Furthermore, the BiH Network is one of the main partners in the international project “Caravan Without Borders” by implementing the DRAFT Theatre Tuzla.
We also participated as partners in an Israeli-Palestinian reconciliation project organized by Combatants for Peace.
We also partnered in ALF inter-Network activities concerned with Education for Intercultural Citizenship (Facebook: ICE: Intercultural Citizenship Education).
In 2017, we participated in the Kimiyya Women Empowerment initiative, including attendance at a conference held in Naples in September 2017.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country consisting of two major entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republic of Srpska (RS), and the Brčko District. The entity of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is further divided into 10 cantons that have their own responsibilities in the field of culture, which are then subdivided into municipalities. Each and every administrative unit has their own responsibility of directing, supporting and facilitating intercultural dialogue. Yet, the civil society organizations existing throughout the country remain leading facilitators of intercultural dialogue.
One reason for this are the repercussions of the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which “segregated” the Bosnian population into separate ethno-religious areas, with somewhat different cultural and social influences in the country.
The government institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina are divided among ethnic lines and are used to promote ethno-centric social and cultural policies. Even though the government institutions, nominally and declaratively, do support intercultural dialogue, not much has been done in order to break away from ethno-centric social and cultural policies or to facilitate the intercultural, interethnic and interconfessional dialogue. Today, parallel and ethnically segregated educational systems exist in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Additionally, minorities like the constituent people in the Republic of Srpska are denied the right to a language. Apart from three major ethnic groups (Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs), other ethnic minorities are discriminated against in many areas and unable to be elected as the members of presidency under the current constitution of BiH.
Bosnia and Herzegovina provides an unparalleled example of multiconfessionalism in Europe. In this country, people of different religious backgrounds are sharing the living space, including members of the Islamic community, the Orthodox church, the Catholic church, a small Jewish community, and even Protestants.
Religious diversity in the historical and contemporary cultural and social context of Bosnia and Herzegovina is often hard to understand from the perspective of Eurocentric discourse. However, there is also significant potential for establishing ground for intercultural dialogue.
Despite all these and some further obstacles, civil society organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina exist as a generator of change and as facilitators of intercultural dialogue. The civil society in BiH is comprised of non-partisan, civic minded and democratically oriented non-governmental organizations working in order to strengthen and empower the ever-necessary intercultural dialogue among citizens and especially young people in the country.
Civil society organizations do, and should continue to recognize the potential in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a multicultural and multiethnic community whose population is characterized by spirituality, nobility, respect, understanding, and coexistence.